Hybrids definition animal
Entry 1 of 2 1 : an offspring of two animals or plants of different subspecies, breeds, varieties, species, or genera a hybrid of two roses 2 : a person whose background is a blend of two diverse cultures or traditions 3 a : something heterogeneous in origin or composition : composite hybrids of complementary DNA and RNA strands a hybrid of medieval and Renaissance styles b : something such as a power plant, vehicle, or electronic circuit that has two different types of components performing essentially the same function drives a hybrid that gets really good mileage hybrid.
Doon, baltimoresun. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Words We're Watching: 'Pizzly' vs Words We're Watching: 'Pizzly' vs. Dictionary Entries near hybrid hybodont Hybodus hybosis hybrid hybrida hybrid clover hybrid coil. Accessed 12 Feb. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for hybrid hybrid. Entry 1 of 2 1 : an animal or plant whose parents differ in some hereditary characteristic or belong to different groups as breeds or species 2 : something that is of mixed origin or composition The car is a hybrid that runs on gas or electricity.
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Winter has returned along with cold weather. Test your vocabulary with our question quiz! Login or Register. Save Word. Miller a hybrid style.
10 Examples Of Genetic Hybrids
Keep scrolling for more. Examples of hybrid in a Sentence Noun a hybrid of two roses The band plays a hybrid of jazz and rock. First Known Use of hybrid Nounin the meaning defined at sense 1 Adjective circain the meaning defined at sense 1. History and Etymology for hybrid Noun Latin hybrida.In biologya hybrid is the offspring resulting from combining the qualites of different types of species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hybrids are not always intermediates between their parents such as in blending inheritancebut can show hybrid vigoursometimes growing larger or taller than either parent.
The concept of a hybrid is interpreted differently between animal and plant breeding, where there is interest in the individual parentage. In geneticsattention is focused on the numbers of chromosomes. In taxonomy, a key question is how related the parent species are. Species are reproductively isolated by strong barriers to hybridisation, which include genetic and morphological differences, differing times of fertility, mating behaviors and cues, and physiological rejection of sperm cells or the developing embryo.
Some act before fertilization and others after it. Similar barriers can be found in plants, with differences in flowering times, pollen vectors, inhibition of pollen tube growth, somatoplastic sterility, cytoplasmic-genic male sterility and the structure of the chromosomes. A few animal species and many plant species, however, are the result of hybrid speciationincluding important crop plants such as wheatwhere the number of chromosomes has been doubled.
Human impact on the environment has resulted in an increase in the interbreeding between regional species, and the proliferation of introduced species worldwide has also resulted in an increase in hybridisation.Top 10 Animals Born With Human Faces
This genetic mixing may threaten many species with extinction, while genetic erosion from monoculture in crop plants may be damaging the gene pools of many species for future breeding. A form of often intentional human-mediated hybridisation is the crossing of wild and domesticated species. This is common in both traditional horticulture and modern agriculture ; many commercially useful fruits, flowers, garden herbs, and trees have been produced by hybridisation.
One such flower, Oenothera lamarckianawas central to early genetics research into mutationism and polyploidy. Human selective breeding of domesticated animals and plants has resulted in the development of distinct breeds usually called cultivars in reference to plants ; crossbreeds between them without any wild stock are sometimes also imprecisely referred to as "hybrids".
Hybrid humans existed in prehistory. For example, Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans are thought to have interbred as recently as 40, years ago. Mythological hybrids appear in human culture in forms as diverse as the Minotaurblends of animals, humans and mythical creatures such as centaurs and sphinxesand the Nephilim of the Biblical apocrypha described as the wicked sons of fallen angels and attractive women.
The term hybrid is derived from Latin hybridaused for crosses such as of a tame sow and a wild boar. The term came into popular use in English in the 19th century, though examples of its use have been found from the early 17th century. From the point of view of animal and plant breeders, there are several kinds of hybrid formed from crosses within a species, such as between different breeds.
The cross between two different homozygous lines produces an F1 hybrid that is heterozygous ; having two alleles, one contributed by each parent and typically one is dominant and the other recessive.
Typically, the F1 generation is also phenotypically homogeneous, producing offspring that are all similar to each other.Disegnatore in inglese come si dice
Triple cross hybrids result from the crossing of two different three-way cross hybrids. Population hybrids result from the crossing of plants or animals in one population with those of another population. These include interspecific hybrids or crosses between different breeds. In horticulturethe term stable hybrid is used to describe an annual plant that, if grown and bred in a small monoculture free of external pollen e.
Hybridisation can occur in the hybrid zones where the geographical ranges of species, subspecies, or distinct genetic lineages overlap.Manufacturers are busily introducing new models of all-electric and hybrid cars. So it was fun to see how they strung those together and had the hybrid between live-action and animation.
The hugely popular website Weibo, a hybrid of Twitter and Facebook, was blocked. With each passing month, about 11, new all-electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles hit the road. A fellow rudely clad—a hybrid between man-at-arms and lackey—lounged on a musket to confront them in the gateway.Best overwatch youtube channels
Mike dearly loved cauliflowers, and babied ours as a flower gardener babies his hybrid tea roses. In truth, this peculiar and highly complex hybrid combined strains of manifold varieties.
This individual, whom it was easy at once to recognise as a mameluco hybridwore the costume of the sertanejos. If such hybrid children marry feeble-minded persons, one half of the offspring will be feeble-minded.Sentinelone high cpu usage
See synonyms for hybrid on Thesaurus. See antonyms for hybrid on Thesaurus. Let them take this teacher-created 9th grade practice test to see if their vocab makes the grade. Hybrid, mongrel refer to animals or plants of mixed origin. Hybrid is the scientific term: hybrid corn; a hybrid variety of sheep. Mongrel, used originally of dogs to denote the offspring of crossings of different breeds, is now extended to other animals and to plants; it is usually deprecatory, as denoting mixed, nondescript, or degenerate breed or character: a mongrel pup.
Words nearby hybrid hyaluronic acidhyaluronidaseHyannis PortHY antigenHyattsvillehybridhybrid antibodyhybrid billhybrid carhybrid chiphybrid computer. Words related to hybrid combinationamalgambastardcrosscompoundhalf-breedmongrelmiscegenationhalf-castecrossbreedmulehalf-bloodincrossoutcross. Example sentences from the Web for hybrid Manufacturers are busily introducing new models of all-electric and hybrid cars. Martin's Summer Rafael Sabatini.
The Guide of the Desert Gustave Aimard. Hybrids between different species are usually sterile. Derived forms of hybrid hybridismnoun hybriditynoun. Word Origin for hybrid C from Latin hibrida offspring of a mixed union human or animal.
An organism that is the offspring of two parents that differ in one or more inheritable characteristics, especially the offspring of two different varieties of the same species or the offspring of two parents belonging to different species. In agriculture and animal husbandry, hybrids of different varieties and species are bred in order to combine the favorable characteristics of the parents.
Hybrids often display hybrid vigor.A hybrid is the offspring of two organisms belonging to different species, genera, subspecies, breeds, or varieties. A hybrid often exhibits characteristics intermediate to that of its parents. However, a hybrid can also exhibit hybrid vigor whereby it has more extreme properties.
For example, it might grow larger or taller than either of its parents. Hybrids can be born in the wild or captivity. Breeders often breed two different organisms to produce offsprings with desirable traits. One of the best-known examples of hybrids is a mule. It is the offspring of a female horse or mare and a male donkey or jack. Mules are widely used as weight bearers. They are known to be more hardy, patient, and long-lived than horses.
They also have higher intelligence than donkeys and are less obstinate.
A hinny is the offspring of a male horse or stallion and a female donkey or Jenny. It is more difficult to obtain than a mule. Both mules and hinnies have 63 chromosomes and are usually infertile.
A zebroid results from a cross between a zebra and any other member of the Equidae family. For example, a donkra is an offspring of a zebra dam and a donkey sire. It is also called zebra hinny. A hebra is formed by breeding a horse sire and a zebra dam.
Such hybrids have been produced since the 19th century. They are mostly infertile and sterile. Cows and bulls have also been bred with various other animals to produce hybrid offsprings. For example, a dzo is an offspring of domestic cattle and yak. If it is male, it is sterile, but the female dzo or dzomo are fertile. The females can be backcrossed. These offsprings are considered to be more productive than either the domestic cow or the yak. Another example of a bovid hybrid is a beefalo or cattalo.
It results from a cross between domestic cattle and the American bison. Usually, female cattle and male bison are bred for the purpose. Unfortunately, the hybrid is used for beef production.Realconnect for teams datasheet
Other examples of bovid hybrids include zubron offspring of a domestic cow and a European bisonand yakalo a hybrid between a yak and a bison. Two different species or subspecies of the bear family or Ursidae mate to give ursid hybrids. Most of these animals have been produced in captivity but some also occur in the wild. Polar bears, grizzly bears, and black bears are known to bear such offsprings.20 years placebo lyrics
Some examples include grizzly bear-polar bear hybrids, brown bear-American black bear hybrids, etc.Hybridoffspring of parents that differ in genetically determined traits. The parents may be of different species, genera, or rarely families. The term hybrid, therefore, has a wider application than the terms mongrel or crossbreed, which usually refer to animals or plants resulting from a cross between two races, breeds, strains, or varieties of the same species.
There are many species hybrids in nature in ducks, oaks, blackberries, etc. Because of basic biological incompatibilities, sterile hybrids those incapable of producing living young such as the mule a hybrid between a jackass and a mare commonly result from crosses between species. Some interspecific hybrids, however, are fertile and true breeding.
These hybrids can be sources for the formation of new species. Many economically or aesthetically important cultivated plants bananas, coffee, peanuts, dahlias, roses, bread wheats, alfalfa, etc. The process of hybridization is important biologically because it increases the genetic variety number of different gene combinations within a species, which is necessary for evolution to occur. If climatic or habitat conditions change, individuals with certain combinations may be eliminated, but others with different combinations will survive.
In this way, the appearance or behaviour of a species gradually may be altered. Such natural hybridization, which is widespread among certain species, makes the identification and enumeration of species very difficult.
Hybrid Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
The sterile Trillium hybrid Trillium cernuum var. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
In cases of hybridization, in which individuals from different species produce offspring, the influence of the sperm is first apparent at gastrulation: paternal characteristics may appear at this stage; or the embryo may stop developing and die if the paternal genes are incompatible with the egg as is….
Crops grown from hybrid seeds the offspring of two or more selected parental varieties and known as F 1 yield vegetables of high quantity and quality.
The hybrid-seed industry is based on the production of new seed each year from the controlled pollination of selected parents found to produce…. The production of certain hybrids is, therefore, tedious and expensive because it often requires a series of delicate, exacting, and properly timed hand operations. When male and female parts occur in separate flowers, as in corn maizecontrolled breeding is easier.
History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Hybrid animals are a result of a crossing from two animals of different species.
These such crossings result in animals whose appearance presents mixed characteristics, and trust us, they are beautiful! Additionally, not all species are able to mate with each other, so when this does happen it is incredible rare.
An animal born from a cross between two parents of different species or subspecies is more commonly referred to as a hybrid. For two animals to breed, they usuualy need to belong to the same genus, in addition to sharing the same chromosomes.
There are some rare examples of hybrid animals which are not part of the same genus. Did you know that a mule is a hybrid between a donkey and a horse? Generally, however, these crossbreeds do not occur naturally, and many of the hybrid animals that live today are a result of human intervention.
Have you ever wondered about hybrid animal reproduction? Keep reading below to find out whether or not hybrid animals can reproduce. Among the most common characteristics of hybrid animals is that most are sterile, meaning they cannot birth new offspring. Each and every species has a specific chromosomal load that is transmitted to offspring, but that also needs to coincide at the cellular level during the process of miosis.
This is otherwise known as a cell division which occurs during sexual reproduction to give rise to a new genome. During miosis the paternal chromosomes duplicate and take on the genetic load of both parents, which defines specific characteristics, such as coat color, size, etc.
However, when dealing with animals of two different species, the number of chromosomes may not be the same. Additionally, each chromosome which corresponds to a specific characteristic, may not match that of the other parent. For example, if chromosome 1 of the father corresponds to fur color, and chromosome 1 of the mother corresponds to tail size, the genetic load does not manufacture correctly, which means that the movement of genes is tampered with.
Despite all of this aforementioned information, fertile hybridization is possible in plants. In fact, the rise and heightened concern regarding global warming is currently inciting the crossing of plants of different species as a form of survival. Although most of these pairings are sterile, there is a possibility that some may reproduce although rare. Other than some records of fertile mules, the only recorded fertile animal hybrid is the coywolf wolf-coyote hybrid.
The 10 most common hybrid animals include:.Add hybrid to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Blood is thicker than water. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.
Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. The garden strawberry is a large-fruited hybrid. The animal looks like a hybrid of a zebra and a horse. His work is an interesting hybrid of popular and classical music. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Variety and mixtures.
Connecting and combining. Most car manufacturers now offer hybrids. You can rent hybrids, racersor mountain bikes. A hybrid bike is a good choice for commuting. Hybrids aren't the only alternative to conventional gas-powered engines. When you drive a hybrid, you start thinking more about how you brake and accelerate.
I am a weekend mountain-biker but have been thinking about getting a hybrid for riding to work. The website will help you find the ideal bikebe it a hybrid, racermountain or folding bike. Road vehicles in general. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Bicycles.
His choreography is described as "a hybrid mix of mime and circus tricks. Researchers began developing hybrid agricultural crops to maximize productivity. This seed produced lower yield when compared with hybrid canola grown from certified seed. Variety and mixtures. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Connecting and combining. A hybrid car could save you hundreds of dollars at the gas pump.
The law will allow hybrid vehicles to use carpool lanes on freeways. I applaud the company's initiative to add hybrid trucks to its fleet of delivery vehicles.
Both companies plan to offer hybrid SUVs by the end of the year.
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